Pregnancy health care includes routine lab tests. Few of these tests use blood samples, while others use urine or tissue samples from your vagina or cervix.

These prenatal tests are intended to assist your healthcare provider in determining how you and your baby are doing during pregnancy. Among the various tests available to pregnant women are tested to confirm pregnancy, routine screening tests to assess the health of the mother and baby, and maternal health screening to identify specific diseases and infections that increase the risk of complications for the mother and baby. The various pregnancy stages will necessitate different tests to monitor the mother’s and baby’s health. At your first prenatal appointment, called the registration appointment, your midwife will explain the various examinations and checks and the reasons for them.

When are blood tests performed?

The majority of the tests can usually be completed in a single visit, and the samples are usually drawn from your arm during one of your first visits. Some tests may be repeated regularly later in your pregnancy. If you choose a private pregnancy blood test in Leeds, the results are usually available the same day or within 24 hours.  

Your blood is examined for a variety of conditions while you are pregnant. Your midwife or doctor should explain this to you and explain why you are being offered blood tests. Additionally, they should mention that you are free to decide whether to take the tests.

If you agree, the midwife or a technician will take a blood sample from the local laboratory. Speak with your midwife about your worries if you are anxious about the test or afraid of needles. These blood tests are usually done only twice during pregnancy, but you may have more if you need to be monitored more closely for any reason. If you require additional tests, your clinician or midwife will always consult with you first and will only perform the blood test.

A blood test will be available during the first trimester of pregnancy. If you are immune to rubella, or if you have a blood disorder such as sickle cell anaemia or thalassemia, your blood type, rhesus status, and the presence of infections such as hepatitis B, HIV, or syphilis anaemia will be tested. Later in your pregnancy, possibly around 28 weeks, you may be offered a second blood test to check your iron levels. In some cases, this examination may also determine if you have gestational diabetes.

Combined screening examination

Your midwife will also offer you a screening test to determine if the baby is at risk of a genetic condition like Down syndrome. The combined screening test will be the first one you’ll be offered around 14 weeks, near the end of your first trimester. Blood tests and a nuchal translucency scan make up combined screening. This combined test is available throughout the United Kingdom. If you missed the combined test, it provides more accurate results than the later-conducted quadruple blood test.

Are all these blood tests required during pregnancy?

You are given the choice of whether to have a blood test. After learning what each is for from your doctor, you can choose whether or not to have the test. Remember that blood tests provide you and your midwife or doctor with vital information about your pregnancy and your baby’s health. Blood tests can also detect problems early on, allowing you and your baby to receive the appropriate treatment on time.