Are you an experienced cryptocurrency user? Or are you just learning about it now? Maybe the thought of investing have you fascinated.

Whatever your circumstance, it is a good idea to be aware of how HMRC taxes cryptocurrencies before you plunge further into the global realm of bitcoin or cryptocurrency. Below is all the information you will want to know about UK cryptocurrency taxes.

If you do not have the time to read the entirety of HMRC’s advice regarding individuals with crypto holdings, take a deeper look at everything you need to know concerning UK cryptocurrency taxes with our in-depth guide. 

Let us start.

Do Cryptocurrency Taxes Need to Be Paid?

Sadly, for most cryptocurrency investors, the answer is yes. The regulations do have certain exceptions, though.

Key financial organizations do not view cryptocurrencies as money or currency. Cryptocurrency holdings are viewed as shares for tax purposes and will consequently be taxed as such. 

Tax officials will keep a tight check on legal crypto investments even though trading in cryptocurrency has a bad rap for being dishonest. Cryptocurrency investors and traders need to be aware of the diverse range of transactions, which can include everything from straightforward buy and sell orders to staking, airdrops, hard forks, etc.

The cryptocurrency sector is expanding quickly, which has unavoidably made the tax situation more complex. The asset class has altered as a result of the rise of complicated and distinctive cryptocurrency platforms for gaming and gambling as well as the development of hybrid tokens and non-fungible tokens for specialized uses.  

Even crypto gambling is taxed in the UK in case you withdraw any gains from gaming at the top online casino in, say, Ireland, in the form of cryptocurrency assets rather than fiat money. For tax purposes, it will be necessary to keep track of any gaming profits from casinos on the Internet reviewed at made in cryptocurrency assets because any subsequent disposal events will be subject to capital gains tax.

You can take advantage of more advantageous tax regulations if you do not have a place of residency in the UK or are not a UK tax resident. 

When Do You Submit Cryptocurrency Taxes?

You will pay taxes on a number of cryptocurrency-related activities, including:

Trading in Cryptocurrencies

  • You will probably have to pay tax on capital gains on the profit if you sold your cryptocurrency for an amount greater than you paid for it.
  • If you experienced trading losses, such losses may have helped to reduce the amount you paid in capital gains tax obligation. The sale of cryptocurrency to other traders or liquidity pools during a cryptocurrency swap will result in a capital gains taxation event, thus it is vital to keep this in mind.
  • HMRC will assume you are a trader and require you to shell out income tax on trading instead of capital gains taxes if you are trading large amounts of cryptocurrency or anything else that would be seen to be under “exceptional circumstances”.

Cryptocurrency Payout

You must pay tax on income and social security obligations without regard to the crypto you are paid in or who pays you.

Inherited Crypto

Under UK tax law, HMRC recognizes cryptocurrencies as property.

Mining and Validating

Cryptocurrency mining will either be viewed as a pastime or a legitimate enterprise. This will rely on a number of things: 

  • organization,
  • hazard,
  • intensity of activity, 
  • commerciality, 

The Business of Mining

Your mining earnings will be included in trading earnings and be eligible for income tax deductions if your mining endeavor is regarded as a business.

Any increase in value from the time of acquisition will be incorporated into your trading earnings when you sell the cryptocurrency, and NICs may apply to the transaction.

Mining as a Pastime

If you can classify your mining operations as a hobby, any income you get must be reported on your tax return under miscellaneous income. It will reflect the cryptocurrency’s fair market value at the point in time you got it.

Your taxable income will also include any awards or payments you receive in exchange for mining-related activities.

However, before including the income in your taxable income, you might be allowed to subtract reasonable expenses from it. But if you sell this cryptocurrency, capital gains tax will apply.


HMRC states that any tokens given out at the moment of receipt will have a GBP value and will be subject to miscellaneous income tax, with any reasonable costs decreasing the chargeable amount.

To further reduce taxes owed, people may opt to consider it as income from savings and collect personal savings allowance. If you think about doing this, talk to a tax accountant since if you sell it later, capital gains tax regulations might be applicable.

What Amount of Tax Do You Incur on Your Gains from Cryptocurrency?

Revenue Tax

Those who acquire, sell, or receive cryptocurrencies through a trade typically have to pay income tax. Most obviously, a “day trader” is a person who continuously invests in and out of crypto assets in order to make a profit in the short term.

However, when trading on a private account, people are unlikely to qualify as “traders” for income tax reasons and are more likely to fall within the tax on capital gains scheme. You would have to purchase and sell digital currency assets with such intent, maturity, regularity, and level of organization that the action amounts to trade in money in order to come within the definition of “trading”.

If you reach the trading level, your net gains will be liable to national insurance at rates of 12% and 2%, as well as income taxes of 20%, 40%, and 45%, depending on the tax band your income falls into.

Any earnings from cryptocurrency as income will be subject to income tax: In England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, tax rates range from 0% to 45%, but in Scotland, where there are two additional tax bands, the ranges are 19% starting rate plus 21% intermediate rate.

Tax on Capital Gains

Most of the time, anyone purchasing, holding, and disposing of cryptocurrencies on their own behalf is regarded as engaging in investing activity and is liable for capital gains tax.

A taxable event will emerge from selling crypto assets, and the revenues will be compared against purchases in the following order:

  • buying cryptocurrency assets on the same day,
  • purchased cryptocurrencies during the next 30 days,
  • the pool’s average price for any unpaired crypto assets.

When an individual’s total gains exceed the £12,300 yearly tax-free allowance, they are subject to capital gains tax. Gains that exceed this limit will be subject to a 20% tax rate on profits at both the higher and extra tax rates, and a 10% tax to the maximum of the basic rate tax range (if applicable). 

Can Cryptocurrency Tax be Avoided?

In certain circumstances, people will not be required to submit a tax on cryptocurrency. 


Airdropped cryptocurrency will not be subject to income tax in the case of:

  • They are not accepted in any cryptocurrency-related transactions or businesses.
  • They are given without expecting anything in return.

However, if you receive airdrops in exchange for providing a service, they will really be taxed as miscellaneous income or trade profits (if you run a business) and subject to income tax.

Any valuation rise received by a cryptocurrency trader or firm that receives an airdrop will be incorporated into the trading earnings and will be liable to income tax as well as NICs. However, if a person acquires an airdrop, that is going to be taxed on capital gains when it is sold.

In the UK, the following cryptocurrency transactions are also exempt from income and capital gains taxes:

  • Holding onto your cryptocurrency for as long as you can is known as “HODL”.
  • Moving cryptocurrency within your own wallets.
  • Purchasing cryptocurrencies with fiat money, such as GBP.
  • Giving a spouse cryptocurrency.

How to Pay Crypto Taxes

Those who invest in cryptocurrencies must include gains on those investments in their yearly self-assessment tax return or utilize the HMRC’s present-time taxation of capital gains reporting facility to pay tax on those investments.

Anybody who is self-employed should keep correct records, and cryptocurrency shareholders are one such group that must also keep proper records for tax purposes.

Investors in cryptocurrencies, according to HRMC, must disclose:

  • assortment of tokens,
  • when did they get rid of them,
  • how many tokens have they disposed of,
  • how many tokens do they still have,
  • valuation of the tokens in GBP,
  • addresses on wallets and bank statements,
  • documentation of the pooled charges both prior to and following your disposal of them.

It is important to get the best financial counsel possible for your situation. Find your ideal financial counsel if you are still unsure of what you are required to declare.